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Mayorkas defends Biden’s record as border crossings fall after Title 42 ends

Migrants waiting in Matamoros, Mexico, on Saturday in hopes of getting interviews for asylum in the United States. (Carolyn Van Houten/The Washington Post)
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Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas on Sunday credited the Biden administration’s policies for what he said was a significant drop in attempts by migrants to enter the United States illegally, immediately after the expiration of a pandemic-era policy meant to deter those crossings.

Mayorkas made that defense, and also called on Congress to pass a comprehensive immigration overhaul, while appearing on several talk shows. Republican officials on Sunday said the border needed to be secured before immigration laws could be changed.

Early last week, border crossings hit their highest levels ever, topping 10,000 unlawful crossings per day, according to Customs and Border Protection data. Those numbers dropped off to about 6,300 on Friday and 4,200 on Saturday — the days after the Trump-era policy referred to as Title 42 ended at midnight Thursday.

“We are in Day Three,” Mayorkas said on CNN’s “State of the Union,” noting that those figures were a 50 percent drop from earlier in the week. “But, you know, we’ve been planning for this transition for months and months and we’ve been executing on our plan, and we will continue to do so.”

Title 42 is over. Here’s how it works at the border now.

Under a new rule, most migrants are presumed ineligible for asylum in the United States if they passed through another country to get to the U.S. border and didn’t first seek refuge in that country.

That rule won’t apply to migrants who secure an asylum interview in the United States through an app known as CBP One. However, despite a touted overhaul to the app, asylum-seeking migrants remain frustrated by technical glitches and difficulties logging in to make appointments.

Migrants deemed to be in the United States unlawfully may be deported through a process known as “expedited removal” and will be prohibited from seeking reentry for five years. DHS has said migrants caught having reentered the United States after being deported face criminal prosecution.

Republicans, however, looked at the same figures Mayorkas cited as proof that the Biden administration was unprepared for a widely expected increase in the number of unlawful crossings at that border.

“What the secretary failed to say is that this week has seen more crossings than any time, any week in our history,” Rep. Mark Green (R-Tenn.), chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee, said on CNN’s “State of the Union.”

“Yes, there was some anticipation” that the Title 42 policy would expire, Green said, “so people started coming across at higher numbers — in fact, record-breaking numbers — at the first part of the week.”

But Green distanced himself from the family separation policy that President Donald Trump used while in office and that he has said on the campaign trail he would consider reviving if he is reelected president.

“We’re not separating families,” Green said. “I don’t think we should separate families.” He noted that family separation was not included in the border security legislation that House Republicans recently passed.

Crossing jungle and desert, migrants navigate a sea of misinformation

Rep. Michael McCaul (R-Tex.), chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, also downplayed the drop in encounters with migrants at the southern border after the Title 42 policy expired, saying he believes caravans of migrants are still headed to the border and “they still want to get in.”

“The last 2½ years speak for themselves,” McCaul told ABC News’s “This Week.” “We’ve had 5 million people enter this country illegally. … It’s unsustainable.”

The American Civil Liberties Union has sued over the Biden administration restrictions, which it says are inhumane and dangerous for asylum seekers. Mayorkas insisted that the administration has created more lawful pathways for entry into the United States, but he acknowledged that asylum seekers now have a “higher threshold of proof they have to meet.”

“This is not an asylum ban,” Mayorkas said on “This Week.” “We have a humanitarian obligation, as well as a matter of security, to cut the ruthless smugglers out.”

Mayorkas also said he disagrees with a ruling by a federal judge in Florida on Thursday that barred the quick release of certain migrants from overcrowded holding facilities, but he said DHS is complying as litigation continues.

End of Title 42 pandemic border policy brings reset, but no sudden rush

“We think it’s a very harmful ruling when, in fact, our Border Patrol stations become overcrowded. It is a matter of the safety and security of people, including our own personnel, not just the vulnerable migrants,” he said.

The mayor of the border city of Laredo, Tex., told CBS News’s “Face the Nation” that while officials are seeing historic challenges at the border, preparations made in anticipation of the expiration of the Title 42 policy have “held up.”

“We have not been overwhelmed at this point,” said Mayor Victor Treviño, who added that the city received about 700 migrants Saturday but that it remains on “high alert” because of the overflow from the El Paso and Brownsville areas.

Treviño credited the new Biden border restrictions, including a rule that migrants from countries beyond Mexico must first seek asylum in a country through which they pass. “The amount of migrants we were expecting initially — the big flow is not here yet,” said Treviño, whose mayoral position is nonpartisan.

Rep. Ro Khanna (D-Calif.), an outspoken liberal, told “Fox News Sunday” that the Biden administration was doing all it could at the border but was hamstrung by a shortage of resources that congressional Republicans refused to provide.

“The problem is often with Congress,” he said. “I mean, we have not provided the administration with the resources for the immigration judges or processing. We have not provided the resources for Border Patrol. We have not provided the resources for securing the border.”

Rep. Tony Gonzales (R-Tex.), whose district includes a large swath of the El Paso border region, said Biden needed to not only secure the border, but also to provide many more immigration judges to adjudicate the staggering backlog of asylum cases.

Appearing on CBS News’s “Face the Nation,” Gonzales said asylum seekers who apply via the Biden administration’s CBP One app get a court date in 2031. He said those asylum seekers “should get their case heard in days, not years.”